States Are Passing E-Waste Legislation
So far, 25 states have passed legislation mandating statewide e-waste recycling. Several more states are working on passing new laws or improving existing laws.
All laws except California and Utah use the Producer Responsibility approach, where the manufacturers must pay for recycling. This means that 65% of the population of the U.S. is now covered by a state e-waste recycling law.
How Do The Laws Work?
Brief Comparison of State E-Waste Laws.
This chart compares all the state e-waste laws against basic criteria.
Scope of Products in E-waste Laws
This chart compares the scope of products of all e-waste laws. Generally, the scope of products is getting broader, with more recent laws including more products including printers, faxes, and other devices.
How Much E-waste Comes Back Under State Programs?
This chart shows collection volumes from the states with e-waste programs. Compares results between states, by converting to pounds per person basis. You can see a significant range in results.
What have we learned from the 25 states that have passed e-waste laws? What are the conclusions and policy recommendations based on those lessons learned?
States Where You Can't Throw E-Waste Into the Trash.
Which states have passed laws keeping e-waste out of landfills and/or incinerators?
Find many more tools and more information on our state legislative toolkit page.
Details on the State Laws and Programs
Date signed into Law
Start date for recycling
Link to Law or bill
State program website
|States and Cities with Producer Responsibility Laws|
|Connecticut||July 2007||Rulemaking delayed start of collection until early 2011.|
|Hawaii||July 2008||Jan 2, 2010|
|Illinois||Sept 17, 2008||Jan 1, 2010|
May 13, 2009
Amended in 2012
|April 1, 2010|
2004 initial law
2009 – expanded scope of products
2011 – expands covered entities
|Initial program began Jan 2006||
Modified 2008 and 2012
|Michigan||Dec 26, 2008||April 1, 2010||Agency website|
|Minnesota||May 2007||August 2007|
|Missouri||June 16, 2008||July 1 2010 or after|
Signed Jan 15, 2008
Amended bill signed Jan 12, 2009
|Jan 1, 2011|
|New York State||May 29, 2010||April 1, 2011|
|New York CITY||INT 728 signed by Mayor 4/1/2008INT 729 Vetoed by Mayor but council overrode 5/14/08||July 1 2009 date was delayed by lawsuit against law||Passed as 2 separate laws in 2008:Local Law 13 established the program. Local law 21 established the goals.||Law was pre-empted by the New York State law. Lawsuit was dropped.|
|North Carolina||Aug 2007 Bill adding TVs passed Aug 2008||Jan 1, 2010||
Chaptered law. Starts at § 130A-309.130
|State agency e-waste site|
|Oklahoma||May 13, 2008||Jan 1, 2009||
Amended June 29, 2011
Jan 1, 2009
Amended scope takes effect in 2015
|Pennsylvania||Nov 23, 2010||Jan 2012||Penn law||State agency website|
|Rhode Island||Jun 27, 2008||Feb 1, 2009||
|State e-waste site|
May 19, 2010
|July 1, 2011||State agency e-waste site|
|Texas||Computer law passed June 2007TV law passed June 2011||Sept 1, 2008|
|Vermont||April 19, 2010||July 1, 2011||Vermont bill|
|Virginia||March 11, 2008||July 1, 2009||Virginia bill|
|Washington||Mar 2006||Began Jan 1, 2009|
|West Virginia||April 1, 2008||July 1 2009|
|Wisconsin||Oct 23, 2009||Jan 1, 2010||
Reports on program:
|States with Consumer Fee Laws or Other Models|
California Laws and Program Info Even though California passed an ARF bill for e-waste, in Sept 2007 the State Agency adopted a resolution calling for an extended producer responsibility (EPR) approach and framework for future state policy.
Detailed policy on EPR .
|Utah||March 22 2011||No collection required – just education on recycling.||Utah bill|